For an adult man, the obligation of Jum’ah has been made essential in a manner which is more important in the life of a Muslim. The Prophet of Allah warned those who missed three consecutive Jum’ahs. (Abu Dawood):
حدثنا مسدد ثنا يحيى عن محمد بن عمرو قال حدثني عبيدة بن سفيان الحضرمي عن أبي الجعد الضمري وكانت له صحبة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من ترك ثلاث جمع تهاونا بها طبع الله على قلبه سنن أبي داود
The beloved prophet SAW said: ‘’One who neglect 3 Jum`ah salaahs taking it unimportant, then Allah will seal his heart.’’(Abu Dawood)
ن عبد الله بن عمر وأبا هريرة حدثاه أنهما سمعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول على أعواد منبره لينتهين أقوام عن ودعهم الجمعات أو ليختمن الله على قلوبهم ثم ليكونن من الغافلين صحيح مسلم
Nabi (saw) said: “Will those who neglect Jum’ahs submit themselves? Otherwise Allah will seal their hearts. And then they will become carefree and unconcerned(ghafil).” (Sahih Muslim)
So leaving out Jum`ah salaahs will cause the heart to harden and one would be unconcerned of the orders of Allah and would be lazy to follow the Mubarak sunnah of Nabi SAW.
THAT IS WHY ULAMAS AND JAMAAT SAATHIS SHOULD SYNCHRONIZE JUM`AH SALAAHS OF THOSE BOYS OR MEN WHO MISS JUM`AH SALAAH BECAUSE OF SCHOOL OR BECAUSE THEY WORK DURING THAT TIME. Another Jum`ah for them has to be in Zohr time, done with announcement in an open access area. No need to be in masjid, but need to be in a city area or where Jum`ah are already taken place. Minimum of 3 persons needed for a Jum`ah salaah. A brief khutbah and salaah will facilitate these students or workers. Consult us on firstname.lastname@example.org.
VIRTUES OF JUM`AH:
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ الصَّلَاةُ الْخَمْسُ وَالْجُمْعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمْعَةِ كَفَّارَةٌ لِمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ مَا لَمْ تُغْشَ الْكَبَائِرُ
It is reported on authority of Muslim that the beloved prophet SAW said: ‘’Performing 5 times salaah and one Jum`ah till the other Jum`ah salaah forgive all sins until you don’t sin major sins.’’(Muslim)
دثني أوس بن أوس الثقفي سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول من غسل يوم الجمعة واغتسل ثم بكر وابتكر ومشى ولم يركب ودنا من الإمام فاستمع ولم يلغ كان له بكل خطوة عمل سنة أجر صيامها وقيامها سنن أبي داود
The Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: “One who took a bath and then he left early for jum`ah salaah, and he walked and did not use a means of transport and sat near the Imaam and listened attentively(to the khutbah) and did not engage himself in futile activities, then for every step he walked, he would receive in his deeds the reward of one year of fasting and salaah(for each step he walked) .” (Abu Dawood)
And this is a sahih hadith!
ACTIONS THAT ENDANGERS THE VIRTUES OF JUM`AH:
We should also avoid actions which may nullify the virtues of Jum’ah:
1.We must not speak or play with the carpet or anything else during the Khutbah. It is compulsory to listen attentively to the Khateeb during the Khutbah. (Bukhari)
2.We should not jump over people’s shoulders sitting in the saffs on the day of Jumah. We should simply sit wherever we find an empty space. (Bukhari)
3.We should not sit in between two people, hence separating them. (Bukhari)
4.If anyone speaks during the Khutbah, then one is not allowed to stop him by speech nor by sign. This time is made for listening and not for turning away our attention to other people. According to one hadith, to make a sign to someone is sufficient for one’s virtues of Jum’ah to be nullified. (Ibn Majah)
5.If, during khutbahs, the blessed name of our Nabi Muhammad (saw) is taken, one should not send Durood verbally (by one’s tongue), instead one should read it in one’s heart.
6. One is not allowed to perform any salaah during the Khutbah. The sunnats should be performed and completed before the Imaam stands up to ascend the mimbar. Note that the command of listening to the Khutbah comes from the Qur’aan and thus it is compulsory.
7.The Jum’ah salaat should be performed immediately after the Khutbah.
RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE DAY OF JUM`AH:
Some advices for the day of Jum’ah are that one is recommended to intimate with spouse, then take a ghusl (bath), wear the best clothes, apply perfume, use miswaak, apply oil in the hair, and leave early for the Masjid. Perfume the masjid before khutbah(Ibn Abi Shaibah). One should listen attentively to the Khutbah even if one does not understand Arabic and to perform Jum’ah salaah with devotion. Surah Kahaf and Surah Alif laam meem sajdah are recommended to read on that day.
In Fajr the imaam is recommended to read sourah Alif laam meem sajdah(Sourah 32) in 1st Rakaat and then Hal Ataka in 2nd rakaats(Sourah 76). In Jum`ah, the beloved prophet SAW used to read Sabihisma(Sourah 87) and then Hal ataka hadithul ghashiyah(Sourah 88). Although there are no fixed sourahs for any salaah, but still we recommend that the imaam sahib may read these recommnended sourahs alternately.
And it is highly recommended to send Durood and salutations on the Prophet Muhammad (saw). The Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: “The best of your days is the day of Jum’ah. Thus send lots of salutations on me on that day, because your salutations are being presented to me (through the angels).” (Abu Dawood)
حدثنا الحسن بن علي ثنا الحسين بن علي الجعفي عن عبد الرحمن بن يزيد بن جابر عن أبي الأشعث الصنعاني عن أوس بن أوس قال قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إن من أفضل أيامكم يوم الجمعة فأكثروا علي من الصلاة فيه فإن صلاتكم معروضة علي سنن أبي داود
It is a day where one should not miss the salaat-o-salaam. In fact, one should start reading douroud as from Thursday Maghrib. And try to encompass the time of Friday in Duas. Because there is an acceptation hour for all duas during the day of Jum`ah. Also recommended for men to go visit qabrs of parents on Jum`ah(Tabrani).
According to a hadith of Bukhari, the beloved prophet SAW used to take lunch after Jum`ah salaah. The siesta or nap sleep was after Jum`ah.
And note that the Qur’aan tells us to look for the bounty of Allah Ta’ala and sustenance after the Jum’ah salaah. Some qualified the bounty as `ilm and others said it as rizq and sustenance. That is why the ideal Mubarak time for the opening of a shop or to start living in a house is after Jum`ah salaah.