For those celebrating Eid ul Adhaa on Thursday, it is sunnah for them to fast tomorrow, 9th Zil Hijjah, Wednesday 23rd September 2015. The beloved prophet SAW said: ‘’The fast of 9th Zil Hijjah(Yaume Arafah) forgive the sins of past year and the current year.’’ (Sahih Muslim).
For those who have not yet replaced their Ramadhaan fasts, and they hope to replace their fasts before next Ramadhaan, then it is still recommended for them to fast tomorrow. Basing on the hadith of that hazrat Aisha r.a. used to replace her fasts in Sha`baan next.
It is not sunnah for Hajees to fast tomorrow in Arafah. Rather they should engage themselves in duas and supplications from after Zawaal onwards.
RAISING THE VOICE FOR THE PRAISE OF ALLAH.
Allah Ta’ala has said: “And remember Allah during the appointed days.” (2: 203). Imam Bukhari has reported that the ‘appointed days’ are the days of Tashreek:
بَاب فَضْلِ الْعَمَلِ فِي أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ وَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْلُومَاتٍ أَيَّامُ الْعَشْرِ وَالْأَيَّامُ الْمَعْدُودَاتُ أَيَّامُ التَّشْرِيقِ وَكَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ وَأَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ يَخْرُجَانِ إِلَى السُّوقِ فِي أَيَّامِ الْعَشْرِ يُكَبِّرَانِ وَيُكَبِّرُ النَّاسُ بِتَكْبِيرِهِمَا وَكَبَّرَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ خَلْفَ النَّافِلَةِ
Therefore, it is wajib for men and women praying salaahs to say the takbeer from tomorrow Fajr (9th Zil Hijjah) till Sunday Assr(13th Zil Hijjah) The men will recite it in a loud voice immediately after each farz salaah, whereas the women will read it immediately after salaam, but in a low voice. (Mustadrak Hakim). Since Eid salaah is wajib and in congregation, ulamas have preferred that we should read the takbeer even after Eid Salaah(Fatawa Mahmoodiyah).
The takbeer is as follows and should be said only once:
اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ، لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ، وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ
Allahou Akbar Allahou Akbar. Laa ilaaha illallahou wallahou Akbar. Allahou Akbar walillahil Hamd.(Darul Qutni)
The takbeer should be said immediately after the farz salaah. In case we forgot and time has elapsed, then we should do istighfaar, as there is no qadha(replacement) for it. In case the imaam forgot, then the musalli should read it aloud to remind the imaam.
عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ كُنْتُ أَعْرِفُ انْقِضَاءَ صَلَاةِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ
Reported in Bukhari that Ibn Abbaas r.a., as a boy reading salaah completely at the back, would only know that the beloved prophet SAW have made salaam by the raised voice of Takbeer of the sahabas. Muhaqiqeen ulamas describe the hadith of Ibn Abbas r.a. from Hajj days or these days when it is wajib to read Takbeer aloud. So as a boy, completely at the back of thousands of sahabas in Hajj, he would only know that salaah has finished by takbeer. Because sahabas used to read it aloud immediately after salaam. We find no other narration on ‘Takbeer’ after farz salaah. But rather Astaghfirullah Astaghfirullah Astaghfirullah(Bukhari). That is why this riwayah is taken as the Takbeer of Tashreeq as we will be starting tomorrow, right after Fajr insha Allahou Ta’ala.
Note: Should your country be celebrating Eid Ul Adhaa other than Thursday 24th September, then do adjust the prescribed dates please.