Should a traveller fast on 31st fast?
Bismihi Ta`ala

Question: I am a Mauritian and I am leaving UK this morning at 5am and it is our 30th fast  here. Sehri is 2am. I am heading for Mauritius whereby they sighted the moon one day after us and hence they would be probably fasting tomorrow also. Should I fast today? And if they fast tomorrow, should I fast tomorrow as it will be my 31th fast?  
 
Answer:

Hamidan wa musaliyan

First of all, it is compulsory and farz for you to start your fast today. Because at the time of sehri, you were not a traveller yet and hence it is incumbent for you to fast today.

It is not permissible to break a fast that you started even as a traveller.(Shami)

فَلَوْ سَافَرَ بَعْدَ الْفَجْرِ لَا يَحِلُّ الْفِطْرُ
شامي

If broken during travelling, then only one qaza needed. We find that the importance of completing a fast from the Qur-aan:

ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ
‘’Then complete the fast until night time.’’(2:187)

But know also that even if someone is during his journey during Ramadhaan at night(that is sehri time he is a traveller), then he has the option not start the fast, but still the Qur-aan encourage that traveller to still fast:

وَأَنْ تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
‘’However that you fast(during travelling) is better for you, if you only knew.’’(2:184)

Furthermore, let`s elaborate on your issue of fasting a 31th fast. We find that the Qur-aan exhorts that person to fast:

فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ
‘’One of you who finds this month(of Ramadhaan), then he should absolutely fast.’’(2:185)

So this implies that if you are non traveller and you witness Ramadhaan, then you should fast even if it is even your 31st fast.
And also that the sunnah shows us a month is either 29 or 30, but the ayah impose on a non traveller that wherever he finds the month of Ramadhaan, then he should fast.

Furthermore the hadith of Muslim Shareef whereby Kureib went to Syria and started his fast on Friday while the people of Madinah started on Saturday, still hazrat Ibn Abaas r.a. stated that he was prescribed to fast with the people of Madinah until Eid, even if it was 31st Fast for him:

فَقُلْتُ نَعَمْ وَرَآهُ النَّاسُ وَصَامُوا وَصَامَ مُعَاوِيَةُ فَقَالَ لَكِنَّا رَأَيْنَاهُ لَيْلَةَ السَّبْتِ فَلَا نَزَالُ نَصُومُ حَتَّى نُكْمِلَ ثَلَاثِينَ أَوْ نَرَاهُ فَقُلْتُ أَوَ لَا تَكْتَفِي بِرُؤْيَةِ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَصِيَامِهِ فَقَالَ
لَا هَكَذَا أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ
مُسلم

Hazrat Ibn Abaas r.a. confirmed the fact that wherever there is Ramadhaan prevailing, then they won`t stop fast until they will find the moon at that particular country. He said: ‘’It is on this prescription that the beloved prophet SAW left us.’’(Muslim Shareef)

This clearly states that every area should follow his own moon. He states that definitely that our Ramadhaan and Eid depends on our own and personnal moon sighting:

لكنا رأيناه ليلة السبت فلا نزال نصوم حتى نكمل ثلاثين أو نراه

He argues that the people of Madinah will not follow any other moon in any circumstances and will continue follow the moon sighting or will complete 30 days. If they complete 30 days, then it will be 31st fast for Kureib.

The sunnah teaches us that there can be either 29 or 30 days in a month. But know that it is applicable for a given area and not on a personal basis. For a personal basis, the beloved prophet SAW said:

صَوْمُكُمْ يَوْمَ تَصُومُونَ وَفِطْرُكُمْ يَوْمَ تُفْطِرُونَ
سنن الدار القطني
‘’Your fast is when people fast(the area where you are situated are fasting)  and your `Eid is when people do `Eid(the area where you are situated is celebrating `Eid).(Darul Qutni)

That is why you should not follow another country`s sighting, but rather follow your own country`s sighting. Furthermore, you will not celebrate `Eid until people around you celebrate `Eid. This implies that one has to fast even the 31st or 32th fast in a given area where Ramadhaan is still prevailing. AND NOTE THAT THIS IS WAJIB AND NOT OPTIONAL.

We have derived this masla on the one who saw the moon of Ramadhaan alone. If one sees the moon alone and his testimony got rejected, then he has no option but to fast the 30th Sha`baan(eve of Ramadhaan). And furthermore if people of that area completes 30 fasts, so that this will be 31st fast for that person, then fuqaha has obliged this fast on him because of the above hadith.(Shami, Inayah, Fathul Qadeer)  

لَوْ صَامَ رَائِي هِلَالِ رَمَضَانَ وَأَكْمَلَ الْعِدَّةَ لَمْ يُفْطِرْ إلَّا مَعَ الْإِمَامِ لِقَوْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ { صَوْمُكُمْ يَوْمَ تَصُومُونَ وَفِطْرُكُمْ يَوْمَ تُفْطِرُونَ } رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ
شامي 

The Qur-aan also applies on you to fast. ‘One who witness the month, then he should fast’ That is why it is wajib for you to fast that 31st fast when you will be in your resident place and witnessing Ramadhaan.

Your Eid will be only when the people of your country sight the moon for 'Eid.

 Note: If did not fast, then no kaffarah apllied. Should replace though.

Wallahu `Alam

Mufti Mackoojee
Islam-qna.org
 
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
Other Articles:
Hajj Guide 2016
*The permissibility of stunning before zabah.
The Sunnah Of Neutral Approach.
The Saviour Means Of The Ummah.
A day more to perfect my Imaan.
*The halaal Research Committee*
Around the month of Muharram.
On returning from Mina, important sunnah to stop for a while in Abtah(Muhassab)
Did you dream anything last night?
*Grateful actions to thank on bounties of Allah Ta'ala.
Shellac E 904 is halaal safe.
Painful demise of imaam hafiz Anwar Mohammad khatib r.a
The Evolution of Man and Woman.
Rampant pitiless crimes.
The gravity of one single crime.
The Fiqh of Muslim Naming.
*Jamaal-Beauty*
*The Danger Of Astronomical Calendar Distortion.*
*The Ultimate Treasure- Laylatul Qadr-27th*
The Maslas Around Suicide.
The Respect Of The Masjid.
*Sadaqatul Fitr Best Given With Money Equivalence*
*Duas Around The Departure And Arrivals Of Hajis*
The minimum dose of Qur-aan Hizb.
Amidst the symbols of Allah Taa'la
When to fast for Arafah?
The danger of astronomical calendar distortion.
Days and Nights of the beloved prophet sawlallahou alaihi wasallam.
*Comparison Between I'tikaaf/Jamaat.*
The equilibrial sense of I'tikaaf
Kindness In Business Dealings.
The Ultimate Quest For Lailatul Qadr 1438.
The virtues of going in the path of Allah over ibaadahs.
*The Ultimate Aims Of Ramadhaan*
A few steps with Hazrat Mufti Afzal Hossen ilyas R.A.
*The Complete Tableau Of Sunnah*
*Clear Proofs Why Our Children Should Fast*
Miscellaneous Maslas Of Ramadhan.
The Fine Tuning Taraweeh And Witr.
*Have You Vested In Sadaqah-Surance Today?
QAZA Of Salaah And Roza:
Salaat-ul-Witr.
What is meant by zakaat?
What is meant by fasting?
Importance Of Taraweeh During Ramadhan.
*Historic Initiative Against Riba-Interest*
Nobleness
The Gift Of Mi'raaj(Part 2)
An expression of deep concern about the change in the moon sighting pattern in Saudia Arabia.
The Distinctive Priorties Of Ramadhan: Fasting,Zakaat,Salaah,And Quraan.
The Sunnah Of Visiting Palestine And Gifts Of Mi'raj Unpacked.
Recommended To Pray Fajr Jamaat Earlier During Ramadhan.
Zakaat On Shares Of A Company.
*Around The 15th Shabaan*
Precaution Of Exactness Of New Moon Of Sha'baan For The Sake Of Ramadhaan.
The Betrayal Masquarade Of The West.
The Gifts Of Mi'raaj(Part 1)
The CopyRight Haq.
The Answer To Islamophobia Is The Gentle Sunnah.
Jamaat Structural Reform Proposal.
The ''Mot D'ordre'' Of Today's Tabligh Is Tolerance.
The Havocking Results Of Under-Valuing Potentials.
The Sunnah Of Leaving The Family To Benefit Deen.
Know That The Masjid Is For Allah Only.
Some Words Of Bhai Abdul Wahab Saheb Damat Barakatuhu.
The Neutral Approach.
ISLAM: The Peaceful Religion.
Are You Travelling First Class Today?
Interreligious Exchange And Approaching.
The Feet Posture Of Men In Salaah.
Protection Contre L'Eclair(La Foudre) Et L'Orage(Le Tonnerre)
Neither Rome Nor The Ganges,Makkah Is Best(2nd part)
From Either Wing, Respect is Important.
Which Team Are You Supporting?
Follow The Icon Of Reconciliation: Hazrat Hassan R.A
The Importance Of Dripping 2 Drops After A Wash
Neither Rome Nor The Ganges,Makkah Is Best(1st part)
And That SUNNNAH To opt For Akhirah Over THe Rule Of Dunya?
The Moon And The Beloved Prophet Muhammad(Swalallahou 'Alaihi Wasallam)
Established Protocols
Istighfaar And Sadaqahs As punishment Of Allah Gazes us.
POSSIBLE MOON ECLIPSE THIS WEDNESDAY 31ST JANUARY 2018
Infallible Protection Formulas
SAJDAH SHUKR-Needs Qiblah And Wouzu
The Month Of Safar And The Denial Of Bad Omens.
Monday:The Day Of The Prophet-YAUM UN NABI
Your Actions Weight For The Ummah Please
An Effort,A Pinnacle,A Purification And A Legacy
One of the last words of RASOULOULLAH SAW
Proof that Pardah and veil is a natural attire of muslim Women.
*Nights That Made Colourful Days*
For those celebrating eid ul adha Saturday, can fast friday alone.
The Important Of Visiting The Masjidul Aqsa And Also The Sunnah Of Wearing Ihraam Of Umra From There.
Moses V/S Pharaoh
1440 hijri calendar starting soon.
Farsighted Principles.
The rites of qurbani
10 days of Zul Hijjah, virtuous yes, but not above Ramadhaan.
A miqaat that pays
Fasting of arafah is the 9th zul hijjah in your country, not the day hajis are in arafah.
Help to those who have been affected by the flood in India
Neither rodeo nor extreme protectionism, islam best.
What is the Islamic verdict of consuming intestines of halaal animals?
Flaw around foreign qurbani
Extract of Sharhe Ma'aniyul Athaar,
*Is it permissible to purchase a share of the Qurbani for a deceased relative?
Please send salaam for me to Rasouloullah(saw)
Miscellaneous hajj maslas
Visiting a sick who is dying
On returning from Mina, important sunnah to stop for a while in Abtah(Muhassab).
Age required for the slaughtering animal
Jum'ah second azaan should be given in front of mimbar
Sadaqah hajj 1439- 10 riyals.The struggle of a hajj!
Duas around the departure and arrival of Hajis
Traveller's diary-Pg 6 Ladies&Gents maslas
Recommendations of the day of Jum'ah
Intolerance Is Splitting Us.
The sacred month of Rajab announce the coming of Ramadhan
Precaution of exactness of new moon
Demise Of Ml Abdullah kapodra.
Can we fast on the 15th of Shabaan only?
A few travelling tips
Salaatul Ishraaq
Masnoon duas after farz salah
Muslims cannot celebrate St Valentine
A bitter sign of Qiyamah: Imran Hosein
Astaghfirullah 3 times after Farz Salaahs rather than Allahou Akbar
There is no zakaat on a non baligh child.
3 Talaaqs count as 3 talaaqs .
Ikhtilaat and mixing on the day of jumu'ah.
The E 120 carmine colour.
You may help Palestine by your visit in MASJIDULLAH l AQSA
The Sunnahs around the day of ASHOURA(10th of Muharram)1440
The sunnahs around Eid-ul-Adhaa 1437.
Talaaq counts even during menses.
One sheep is not sufficient for qurbani ..
Animal de sacrifice atteint de la maladie.
Hajj cards
Can a muslim drink alcohol?
Loan
The first ten days of the month of Zil Hijjah
The eclipse salaah-May be Today
The First Ten Days Of The Month Of Zil Hijjah.
Amidst the symbols of Allah Ta'ala
The maslas around the departures of hajees
Sadaqah hajj 1437-7 riyals.The struggle of a hajj.
The importance of visiting the Prophet swalallahou `alaihi wasallam
Prior to hajj preparations.
Even hujjaaj should beware of E120 or carmine
The fruitful Maslas of Hajj 1439
HALAAL FOOD AND ZIYARATS INFO UPDATED HAJJ 1439
Zul Qa'dah: Entering the sacred months span
Steps of the Mubarak path road of Hajj
Wearing Ihraam at Masjid Aqsa - Jerusalem
Le Hajj en perspective
L'hiver: Le printemps du Musulman
Are you sure that hajj is not farz on you?
Who is Fetullah Gulen?
The Sunnah Settings
Have you milked the cow this morning?
The saviour means of this Ummah
Let us surf on the wave of Ramadhan to continue reading daily salaahs
The major signs before the day of Qiyamah
The Importance of a daily Hizb
The crying is important in the ingredients!
The virtues of going in the path of Allah
Travelling during Ramadhan
Miscelleneous maslas of Ramadhan 1437
Conservative v/s Entrepreneurship.
What is the islamic verdict of consuming intestines of halaal animals?
Women in menses cannot read Qur'an
The symbolic sunnah of dates
The fiqh of Muslim naming
Importance of fasting Ramadhan
Please send Salaam for me to Rasoolullah (saw)
The salah and itikaaf of ladies
Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh is proven by Ahadiths
The deffence of the Ummah
The Qur'an and Sunnah are sufficient for us
Notes for Umrah and Hajj
Le sunnah de visiter la Palestine
Sha'baan: the annual closing of our action accounts
Importance of Madrassah
An insight on 15th Sha`baan 1437
The moon and the beloved Prophet Muhammad (saw)
Allah: Le défenseur des faibles
*If Eid ul Fitr happens to be a friday,then there is definitely Jum'ah also*
The sacred month of Rajab
Traveller's diary
The Masnoon Dua Formula
Husne Khatimah - A graceful pious ending
Reviving the sunnah of Hijamah (cupping)
L`ultime importance du Jum`ah
Warning against those who leave jum'ah without valid excuse
Du'a lorsque la pluie tombe
The why of the chaotic conditions of the Ummah
The great importance of Jum'ah salah (for men)
Et si la mer était d`encre..
The halal moderation
L`aimable Bye Golah
The answer to islamophobia is the gentle sunnah
The importance of Hijri calendar
A call to go in the path of Allah as the earth squeezes
No blame on Hajj authorities
The sunnahs around Eid ul Adhaa 1439
Each country follows its sun and moon please.
Fasting on 9th Zil Hijjah
A call for concern and unity of the Ummah
La paix de l`Islam
The adaab of visiting the beloved Prophet(saw)
L`issue de la transplantation d`organe
Les rites du Hajj et la visite a Madinah Munawarah
The quest for Halal and Tayyib
The sunnahs around Eid-ul-Fitr 1437
The Fiqh of jewelleries 1437
Five things given to our Ummah
Notes for the host of Harams, Hajees & Mu'tamirs
THE HEIRS (inheritors)
The sharing out of inheritance according to Islam
O my Nabi (saw), I am not charlie
Conseils aux Hajees et non Hajees
Les barakahs d`avoir beaucoup d`enfants
BEWARE of E 120 or Carmine.
Du`as at tahajjud
The tsunami issue of mechanical slaughtering
Salaahs of ladies are at home.
The Sunnah of 'Oud Wood
Le `Eid et l`après Eid
The Zakaat ul Fitr or Sadaqat ul Fitr Ramadhan 1439
The moderation of asking and giving.
The lunar dates issue
The sunnah of dates
Knock! Knock! A beggar at the door!
The best Ibaadahs during lailatul qadr
SALAAT-UL-WITR
Victoire avec noblesse
Make the change this Ramadhan
Cry! Let's cry in front of our Rabb!
Fasting for adults
Set a hizb time today
Importance of Taraweeh during Ramadhaan
Conseils d`avant Ramadhaan.
All on 15th Sha`baan
Les signes du Jugement selon le Coran
L’interdiction des jeux de hasard.
L`utilisation du bois de Oud selon le sunnah.
L`Istighfaar pour sauver le monde!
La gravité du suicide.
The necessity of a reply
La malédiction de l`homosexualité.
L`unité dans la diversité.
La prescription pour la conjonctivite
En honneur du saint prophète Muhammad(SAW)
Utilisation optimum des ressources mondiales
Avance ta main de la barbe du prophète SAW!
La nécessité d`un Umrah.
La liberté d`expression n`est pas pour faire des insultes.
Tie the ihram of your Umrah in Masjid ul Aqsa (in Jerusalem)
L`Islam n`est pas intolérant
La protection contre la croisade du siècle
Les préparatifs du Hajj
Les rites du Hajj 1437
Le Qurbani : un symbole de l`Islam
Mosques: their importance & the respect due to them
Conseils d`avant le mois du Ramadhaan
L`émmigration des palestiniens
La sacrée `Eid-ul-Fitr.
Défendons-nous par les actions
Le dattier et la datte
La protection contre la sorcellerie
Le dosage d`amour dans le couple
La préparation du mois de Ramadhaan
Le respect de la Ka`bah.
Les poisons de l`amour
L`Intimité entre couple
L`amour entre couple.
L`Islam et la chasteté
Les compagnons du prophète SAW
Le prophète Muhammad (saw): Une bénédiction pour l`univers
Les droits des enfants et de la famille
Mandela, an Islamophile
L`année du Coran et non pas de Gregor
Les potentiels humains
L`Islam : la religion de la démocratie
The spiritual nature of Ziyarat
The flower of friendship
When in doubt, don't !
La croyance dans le destin
Vacances saines pour nos jeunes.
Eviter le bain de sang
L`arrosoir des bons conseils
Consolation aux victimes d`Islamophobie.
Le physique du prophète Muhammad (SAW).
Ramadan: Le mois du Coran
Les prudences et les remèdes du Coran et du Sunnah
Le couleur d`Allah Ta`ala
La modération du Sunnah.
La clarté de la lune.
Les rites islamiques lors d'une naissance
Les rites funéraires d`un musulman.
Les résultats inondés de l`insoumission
Umrah 2016
Les conditions du tirage au sort selon la shariat
La corrélation du jour, de la nuit et des calendriers.
Comment distribuer mon heritage d'apres Islam
L`homme le plus affluant de l`humanité
Les signes du jour du jugement.
L'azaan: Symbole integrant de l'Islam
Enfin est arrivé Ramadan
Les pas de Hazrat Bilal (ra)
La recette du bonheur selon l'Islam
L`esprit du Hajj et la visite a Madinah
Les sacrifices honorés
L’avortement de par la loi d’exception
L’Islam intégrant ou conservateur ?
Les règles de la menstruation.
Les réalités des rêves
L’incontournable justice divine
Les jolis noms musulmans.
La médecine du prophet Muhammad (pssl)
The inheritance scenario (part 2)
Les préférés du prophète Muhammad (pssl)
Let's fast on Mondays for Yaum un Nabi (saw)
Les Solstices des calendriers
The status of tahiyyatul masjid
Les maux des jeunes et leurs remedes islamiques
Superstition : pas de place en Islam.
L`importance de la priere du Vendredi : Le Jum`ah
Autour du monde halaal
The sun, the moon and the calenders
Vit en ce monde comme un voyageur
For Allah’s sake, do not pronounce Talaaq
Quelques conseils halaal
Les jeunes du mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
Le mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
L`issue de la gelatine
The leather and gelatin industries
Sir A.R.Mohamed: My community first and foremost!
The victory of islamic democracy
Eid ul Adhaa Mubarak !
The ten sacred days of Zil Hijjah
Nations united in a crussade
The blessings of our small island
The gifts of Mi`raj
A religious, legal and medical analysis of the sexual offences bill.
The calculation of centuries as deciphered from the Qur’an
Some Reasons to believe
Abortion is a cruel act
The Citadel of Masnoon Du’as
Islam does not encourage wastage
The sharing out of inheritance according to Islam
The beauty and splendour of Islam
The direction of Qiblah: The Kabah
The ultimate quest for Lailat-ul-Qadr 1437
The Beverages of Prophet Muhammad (saw)
Interfaith Cohesion
The symbol of the Hijri calender
The dog in perspective
The mirage of games of chance
The components of love and those of hate
The pollution of insubordination
Islam favors capital punishment
The purpose of life
Disclaimer Notice
Qurbani overseas
The fields of activity of man and woman
The importance of Jum'ah
Islamic rites at birth
Islam, woman and make-up
Making Mauritius a halal country
The rites of Qurbani
Visit to Madinah Munawwarah
The Month of Shawwal and Hazrat Aisha (ra)
Religion and Development
An-Nikkah, the Muslim Marriage Contract
Importance of being a believer
Salaah at its prescribed times
Concerning the Solar Water Heater
The Harmful Effects Of Food Of Doubtful Origin
Article on halal nutrition
Amateurism v/s Professionalism
The Fasting of Ramadhaan
The inheritance scenario
Democracy between veiled and non-veiled women
Masnoon Duas
Conjugal Harmony
Women Section
The month of Shabaan and getting ready for the month of Ramadhaan
 
  Website Designed by HDM Interactive Ltd.