The Maslas Around Suicide.
        Bismihi Ta`ala
*THE MASLAS AROUND SUICIDE.*
Because the death rate of suicidal depression has risen in my environment, I think right to write to a few words to that issue. Only to prevent, treat and be informed about this issue. And also to re-comfort those rest over family losing a member of the family through suicide means. But in no way should these words encourage the haraam way to take one`s life by one`s hand or to suicide.
 
First of all know that we cannot judge anyone since that judgement lies only to Allah Ta`ala. Although one may have sickly suicided, his or her fate lies in the hands of Allah whether he will be punished or forgiven. That is why we should abstain from commenting on dead people died in whatever conditions. ‘’If you have nothing good to say, then stay silent.’’(Sunan Darimi)  
 
*SUICIDE IS HARAAM*
 
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ
عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ مَنْ تَرَدَّى مِنْ جَبَلٍ فَقَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ فَهُوَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ يَتَرَدَّى فِيهِ خَالِدًا مُخَلَّدًا فِيهَا أَبَدًا وَمَنْ تَحَسَّى سُمًّا فَقَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ فَسُمُّهُ فِي يَدِهِ يَتَحَسَّاهُ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدًا مُخَلَّدًا فِيهَا أَبَدًا وَمَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ بِحَدِيدَةٍ فَحَدِيدَتُهُ فِي يَدِهِ يَجَأُ بِهَا فِي بَطْنِهِ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدًا مُخَلَّدًا فِيهَا أَبَدًا
Bukhari
Various ahadiths condemns suicide as Haraam including this one of Bukhari whereby the beloved prophet SAW condemns suicide to be punished by hell fire.., the person being in that particular pain of suicide.. or else until day of qiyamah, etc.
 
All this to be informed that by committing suicide, we are not getting away from pains or remorse, but it is a worst option that lead to further more bitter pains or remorse.
 
*SALAATUL JANAZAH OF A MUSLIM WHO COMMITTED SUICIDE*
 
There is Salaatul Janazah of someone who committed suicide. It is reported in Abu Dawood that the beloved prophet Swalallahou `Alaihi Wasallam did not stop anyone from praying Janazah of someone who committed suicide. Although the prophet himself did not pray on the sahabah who committed suicide, but he did not stop someone else from praying the salaatul Janazah.(Abu Dawood)
 
عَنْ أَبِي بِشْرٍ حَدَّثَنِي نَفَرٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَصْرَةِ عَنْ أَبِي بَرْزَةَ الْأَسْلَمِيِّ
أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَمْ يُصَلِّ عَلَى مَاعِزِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ وَلَمْ يَنْهَ عَنْ الصَّلَاةِ عَلَيْهِ
 
Please note that it is more grave that someone kills someone else or a muslim than killing oneself. The ummah has prayed salaatul janazah upon open criminals like Hajaaj bin Yousuf, etc. As such, there is Salaatul Janazah for someone who committed suicide.
 
*DUAS FOR THE MUSLIM DECEASED*
 
It is reported in Muslim shareef that the beloved prophet SAW did make duas for a muslim who committed suicide:
عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ
أَنَّ الطُّفَيْلَ بْنَ عَمْرٍو الدَّوْسِيَّ أَتَى النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلْ لَكَ فِي حِصْنٍ حَصِينٍ وَمَنْعَةٍ قَالَ حِصْنٌ كَانَ لِدَوْسٍ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَأَبَى ذَلِكَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِلَّذِي ذَخَرَ اللَّهُ لِلْأَنْصَارِ فَلَمَّا هَاجَرَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِ الطُّفَيْلُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو وَهَاجَرَ مَعَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ قَوْمِهِ فَاجْتَوَوْا الْمَدِينَةَ فَمَرِضَ فَجَزِعَ فَأَخَذَ مَشَاقِصَ لَهُ فَقَطَعَ بِهَا بَرَاجِمَهُ فَشَخَبَتْ يَدَاهُ حَتَّى مَاتَ فَرَآهُ الطُّفَيْلُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو فِي مَنَامِهِ فَرَآهُ وَهَيْئَتُهُ حَسَنَةٌ وَرَآهُ مُغَطِّيًا يَدَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مَا صَنَعَ بِكَ رَبُّكَ فَقَالَ غَفَرَ لِي بِهِجْرَتِي إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ مَا لِي أَرَاكَ مُغَطِّيًا يَدَيْكَ قَالَ قِيلَ لِي لَنْ نُصْلِحَ مِنْكَ مَا أَفْسَدْتَ فَقَصَّهَا الطُّفَيْلُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ اللَّهُمَّ وَلِيَدَيْهِ فَاغْفِرْ
 مسلم
The crux of the above hadith of Muslim shareef is that a muslim emigrated to Madinah Munawarah at the time of the prophet SAW. He fell ill and could not bear the illness and then he committed suicide. Hazrat Tufeil Ibn `Amr dowsi r.a. saw him in a dream that he was ok except that he hid his hands. So Tufeil asked him his news. He answered that he was forgiven due to the emigration to the prophet, except for his hands(that he cut committing suicide). So hearing this from Tufeil, the prophet SAW made this du`as: ‘’O Allah! Do forgive his hands also.’’(Sahih Muslim)
 
So one is recommended to make dua for a muslim who committed suicide. Because he is in need of our duas. Note that salaatul Janaazah is rather a dua. So one should definitely pray salaatul Janazah for the person who committed suicide and also try to take him out of his difficulties with lots of Du`as.
 
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا
أَنَّ رَجُلًا قَالَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّ أُمِّي افْتُلِتَتْ نَفْسُهَا وَأُرَاهَا لَوْ تَكَلَّمَتْ تَصَدَّقَتْ أَفَأَتَصَدَّقُ عَنْهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ تَصَدَّقْ عَنْهَا
بخاري
Reported  in Bukhari that someone's mother committed suicide and the prophet Swalallahou 'Alaihi Wasallam gave permission for the son to give Sadaqah on her behalf(Bukhari).
Nontheless, no one should comment badly on any muslim who committed suicide. Sickness like depression brings people to mental illness that they are unaware of their doings. Nonetheless great need to support, treat and relieve those who are living with depressions.
 
In Fatawa Deoband, we find the dua that ‘’May Allah Ta`ala forgive those young girls who committed suicide throwing themselves in wells before being rape during civil war.’’
 
Fi Amanillah
 
Mufti Ayoob Mackoojee
 
 
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
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