Clear proofs why our children should fast..
Bismihi Ta`ala
 
*CLEAR PROOFS WHY OUR CHILDREN SHOULD FAST.*
 
The major prescription of Ramadhaan is fasting. It is compulsory and incumbent on every muslim male or female, girl or boy that have attained the age of puberty. Allah Ta`ala says in the Noble Qur-aan: 
 
‘’O you who believe, the fasts have been enjoined upon you as they were enjoined upon those before you, so that you may be God fearing.’’(2:183) 
 
Reported in Bukhari that the beloved prophet Swalallahou `Alaihi Wasallam replied to a Bedouin when he asked: ‘’What Allah has prescribed obligatory on me as far as fasting is concerned?’’. The beloved prophet SAW replied: ‘’The whole month of Ramadhaan.’’(Bukhari)

فَقَالَ أَخْبِرْنِي مَا فَرَضَ اللَّهُ عَلَيَّ مِنْ الصِّيَامِ فَقَالَ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ إِلَّا أَنْ تَطَّوَّعَ شَيْئًا
بخاري
 
That is why fasting is a very important injunction and has been made farz and obligatory for adults(attained puberty) whole Ramadhaan. The main objective is to attain Allah Ta`ala`s pleasure and Taqwa. 
 
Imaam Bukhari mentions the saying of Rasouloullah SAW in his Sahih Bukhari: 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَفَعَهُ مَنْ أَفْطَرَ يَوْمًا مِنْ رَمَضَانَ مِنْ غَيْرِ عُذْرٍ وَلَا مَرَضٍ لَمْ يَقْضِهِ صِيَامُ الدَّهْرِ وَإِنْ صَامَهُ وَبِهِ قَالَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ
بخاري
Abu Hurairah r.a. refering to the saying of Rasouloullah SAW: ‘’One who misses one fast of Ramadhaan without any valid excuse or sickness, then even if he would fast whole of his life, even then he would not be able to compensate for that missed fast.’’(Bukhari)
 
Although a missed fast(woke up without intention of fasting) need only a replacement after Ramadhaan, but the gravity of leaving a fast without valid excuse is irreparable and cannot be imagined. Such that we may fast whole life, but we will not be able to equal to ONE FAST OF RAMADHAAN. 
 
We may also say that ONE FAST of Ramadhaan equals to more than a whole life of Fasting! 
 
Hence muslims men and women should not be negligent to fasting of Ramadhaan since it is a very important injunction. Sad to hear that students and some other muslims are not fulfilling full fast of Ramadhaan. Adults should fast and encourage his environment to fast. 
 
As such one need to preserve one `s fast from sins, discussion and futile talk. If someone want to quarrel, then tell him ‘’I am fasting’’ 2 times and then leave him.(Bukhari). 
 
*In fact sahabahs were very strict in fasting such that they would encourage their children also to fast. The sahabas used to encourage their children to fast by preparing some toys and gift them when the children used to cry out of hunger.(Bukhari)*
*
وَنُصَوِّمُ صِبْيَانَنَا وَنَجْعَلُ لَهُمْ اللُّعْبَةَ مِنْ الْعِهْنِ فَإِذَا بَكَى أَحَدُهُمْ عَلَى الطَّعَامِ أَعْطَيْنَاهُ ذَاكَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ عِنْدَ الْإِفْطَارِ
بخاري
*
When children will keep fast then they will be respectful muslims tomorrow to fast even 19 hours! 
 
As far as salaah is concerned, the beloved prophet SAW said: ‘’Order your children to perform salaah at 7 years of age. Then have recourse to corporal punishment when they are 10. And also separate their beds at 10.’’(Abu Dawood)
 
*Basing on this Hadith, Fuqaha treated Fasting and other prescriptions of Islam same as salaah.*
*
( وَإِنْ وَجَبَ ضَرْبُ ابْنِ عَشْرٍ عَلَيْهَا بِيَدٍ لَا بِخَشَبَةٍ ) لِحَدِيثِ " { مُرُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَهُمْ أَبْنَاءُ سَبْعٍ ، وَاضْرِبُوهُمْ عَلَيْهَا وَهُمْ أَبْنَاءُ عَشْرٍ } " قُلْت وَالصَّوْمُ كَالصَّلَاةِ عَلَى الصَّحِيحِ كَمَا فِي صَوْمِ الْقُهُسْتَانِيِّ مَعْزِيًّا لِلزَّاهِدِيِّ وَفِي حَظْرِ الِاخْتِيَارِ أَنَّهُ يُؤْمَرُ بِالصَّوْمِ وَالصَّلَاةِ وَيُنْهَى عَنْ شُرْبِ الْخَمْرِ لِيَأْلَفَ الْخَيْرَ وَيَتْرُكَ الشَّرَّ َ
شامي
*
As such children that are 7 years old should be  ordered to start fasting. We did a schema that may work to upbring our children properly according to sunnah insha Allah.
 
5-6 years old: HALF DAY FAST with gifts rewards.
 
7 years old: 5 Days fast for Ramadhaan with a big gift, given on completion of 1st whole fast.
 
8 years old : 10 days fast for Ramadhaan with gifts. 
 
9 years old: 20 days Fast for Ramadhaan with gifts
 
10 years old: Should fast whole Ramadhaan. 
 
Because puberty is almost after that age, then a child of 10 years or older should fast whole month of Ramadhaan. 
 
Note: If puberty reaches a girl at 9, then she will need to fast whole month. 
 
Instead of forcing the child, rather do like sahabas and encourage them to fast by giving them gifts. If you fast tomorrow, I will give you a gift toy! And give them the gift after Zohr, when hunger starts. Then encourage them to fast wholly. And very important to make them hear of the virtues of Ramadhaan and fasting during Ramadhaan. 
 
Mufti Mackoojee
+23057921333
Islam-qna.org
 
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
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