The sun, the moon and the calenders
Allah Ta'ala has created the sun, the moon, the stars, the sky, the earth, the trees, in short, everything including man. In order to express this great love for this favourite creation, man, Allah Ta'ala has, by this blessing, subjected all other creatures to the service of man. In fact, the beauty and the exactness of the creation are marvels which Allah Ta'ala has placed at our disposal in order to allow us to contemplate the Sublime Creator that He is. The harmony, the coherence and the equilibrium displayed by all elements in the heavens and on earth prove the fact that there is only one Creator, the Unique God. "Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding, who remember Allah standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth (saying) : " Our Lord ! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! Grant us Salutation from the torment of the Fire". (Surah 3 verses 190-1). "And from among this Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon" (Surah 41 verse 37).

In fact, the alternations of day and night, and the sun and the moon have always filled people with wonder. Inspite of modern technology, these marvels hold within themselves indecipherable riddles. Allah Ta'ala has made every single day unique, different from any other day, so that today is distinct and different from yesterday. "Every day, he has a new matter to bring forth." ( Surah 55 verse 29).Thus, the sun rises and sets at different points day by day : " So I swear by the Lord of all points of sunrise and sunset in the East and the West " (Surah 70 verse 40). Due to the angle at which Allah Ta'ala makes the earth revolve, the day lengthens gradually during summer whereas winter provides us with longer nights." He merges the night into the day, and He merges the day into the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon, each runs its course for a term appointed. " (Surah 35 verse 13).

Our sky is predominated by the sun and the moon. Both have multiple functions. Allah Ta'ala has stated: "It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light, and measured out its stages, so that you might know the number of years and the reckoning." (Surah 10 verse 5). Therefore, both the lunar and the solar year have been conceived by Allah Ta'ala to enable us to compute months and years. The moon's cycle produces a month of 29 or 30 days. "They ask you about the new moons. Say: They are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage." (Surah 2 verse 189).

While the sun determines the duration of the day and, by its position in space, gives us the time of day, the week is determined by seven solar days. The lunar year is made up of twelve months. On the other hand, the solar year is determined by the earth's revolution around the sun. This comes to about - although there is a slight variation - 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds.

As a result, it becomes necessary every fourth year to adjust the solar calendar, which has 365 days, by one additional day. However, this calculation is not exact since it does not reflect the fact of the earth's orbit around the sun, where the earth is affected by the moon's revolution around it which causes a slight variation. However, there is in fact an exact computation of the solar calendars. Allah knows it and states: "The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated." (Surah 55 verse 5)

The lunar year is therefore more exact and easier to calculate and does not necessitate any adjustment. According to a verse of the Koran, three solar centuries are equivalent to three hundred and nine lunar years (Jalalain). Although the lunar year is shorter than the solar year, a lunar day is longer than a solar day: that is, 24 hours, 50 minutes and 28 seconds. Allah Ta'ala has established the solar year for the change in seasons and in temperature in the course of the year. That is why both seeding and harvesting are ideally carried out during the solar calendar. Migratory birds observe seasonal changes for their migration. On the other hand, the moon exerts its influence over sea tides.

If you have lost your bearings, the stars can help you find them : "and landmarks, and by the stars they (mankind) guide themselves" (Surah 16 verse 16).The Koran is very explicit about the fact that the earth rotates and follows its orbit "And they all float, each in an orbit" (Surah 36 verse 40). "He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to go in the day and he makes the day to go in the night." (Surah 39 verse 5). The word KAWR means to wind the IMAMAH round the head which is normally done in an anti-clockwise direction. The earth's rotation is also anti-clockwise. The following verse indicates that the earth is constantly rotating: "He covers the night with the day, seeking it rapidly ". (Surah 7 verse 54).

Science has established the fact that the gravitational pull maintains the moon around the earth and the earth around the sun. But up to now nobody has been able to explain the conference with which the planets revolve in empty space with a perfect equilibrium, without the moon falling on our head and without the earth plunging into the sun. Nobody can explain why the earth changes the angle of its axis with such precision every year. The Koran has an answer to this riddle when it explains that phenomenon by stating that it is Allah's command which maintains that equilibrium: "The sun, the moon and the stars (are) subjected to this command." (Surah 30 verse 25).

The sun, the moon and the earth are marvels which move under Allah's command within their respective orbits in order to indicate the time to us. Time is very important for believers since most of the religious duties are related to time: swalaat (prayer), fasting, zakaat (poor-due) and Hajj (pilgrimage). Allah Ta'ala has decreed "Verily, the prayer is enjoined on believers at fixed times" (Surah 4 verse 103). "So whoever of you sights the moon (of Ramadaan) must fast that month" (Surah 2 verse 185). Hence, the sun and the moon are tools that provide us with the times required for discharging the duties laid down by the Shariah. We acknowledge Allah's absolute power by the exactness and greatness of His creation: "And among this signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth" (Surah 30 verse 22).
 
In view of His love and concern for man, Allah Ta'ala has subjected the earth so that time can be divided into day and night and, in addition, has placed, for our exclusive use, a marvellous moon. It devolves upon us to be grateful and to obey all Allah's commandments, to bow down in humility, for even the sun and the moon bow down before Allah Ta'ala: "Glory to Allah, Lord of the Universe". (Surah 7 verse 54).
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
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Recommended To Pray Fajr Jamaat Earlier During Ramadhan.
Zakaat On Shares Of A Company.
The Sunnah Of Visiting Palestine And Gifts Of Mi'raj Unpacked.
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Each country follows its sun and moon please.
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Les rites du Hajj et la visite a Madinah Munawarah
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The tsunami issue of mechanical slaughtering
Conseils aux Hajees et non Hajees
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BEWARE of E 120 or Carmine.
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The Sunnah of 'Oud Wood
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The lunar dates issue
The sunnah of dates
Knock! Knock! A beggar at the door!
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Cry! Let's cry in front of our Rabb!
Victoire avec noblesse
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Importance of Taraweeh during Ramadhaan
Conseils d`avant Ramadhaan.
Set a hizb time today
Fasting for adults
All on 15th Sha`baan
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L’interdiction des jeux de hasard.
L`utilisation du bois de Oud selon le sunnah.
L`Istighfaar pour sauver le monde!
La gravité du suicide.
La prescription pour la conjonctivite
La malédiction de l`homosexualité.
En honneur du saint prophète Muhammad(SAW)
The necessity of a reply
L`unité dans la diversité.
La nécessité d`un Umrah.
Avance ta main de la barbe du prophète SAW!
La liberté d`expression n`est pas pour faire des insultes.
Utilisation optimum des ressources mondiales
Tie the ihram of your Umrah in Masjid ul Aqsa (in Jerusalem)
Les préparatifs du Hajj
L`Islam n`est pas intolérant
Mosques: their importance & the respect due to them
Le Qurbani : un symbole de l`Islam
Les rites du Hajj 1437
La protection contre la croisade du siècle
Le dattier et la datte
Défendons-nous par les actions
L`émmigration des palestiniens
La sacrée `Eid-ul-Fitr.
Conseils d`avant le mois du Ramadhaan
Le dosage d`amour dans le couple
Les poisons de l`amour
Le respect de la Ka`bah.
La préparation du mois de Ramadhaan
La protection contre la sorcellerie
L`Intimité entre couple
L`Islam et la chasteté
Les compagnons du prophète SAW
Le prophète Muhammad (saw): Une bénédiction pour l`univers
L`amour entre couple.
Les droits des enfants et de la famille
Mandela, an Islamophile
L`année du Coran et non pas de Gregor
L`Islam : la religion de la démocratie
Les potentiels humains
The flower of friendship
When in doubt, don't !
Vacances saines pour nos jeunes.
La croyance dans le destin
The spiritual nature of Ziyarat
Consolation aux victimes d`Islamophobie.
Eviter le bain de sang
L`arrosoir des bons conseils
Le physique du prophète Muhammad (SAW).
Le couleur d`Allah Ta`ala
Les prudences et les remèdes du Coran et du Sunnah
Ramadan: Le mois du Coran
La clarté de la lune.
La modération du Sunnah.
Umrah 2016
Les résultats inondés de l`insoumission
Les rites funéraires d`un musulman.
Les rites islamiques lors d'une naissance
Les conditions du tirage au sort selon la shariat
L`homme le plus affluant de l`humanité
Comment distribuer mon heritage d'apres Islam
La corrélation du jour, de la nuit et des calendriers.
Les signes du jour du jugement.
L'azaan: Symbole integrant de l'Islam
Enfin est arrivé Ramadan
Les sacrifices honorés
Les pas de Hazrat Bilal (ra)
La recette du bonheur selon l'Islam
L`esprit du Hajj et la visite a Madinah
L’incontournable justice divine
Les règles de la menstruation.
Les réalités des rêves
L’Islam intégrant ou conservateur ?
L’avortement de par la loi d’exception
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Les jolis noms musulmans.
La médecine du prophet Muhammad (pssl)
The inheritance scenario (part 2)
Let's fast on Mondays for Yaum un Nabi (saw)
Les Solstices des calendriers
The status of tahiyyatul masjid
Les maux des jeunes et leurs remedes islamiques
L`importance de la priere du Vendredi : Le Jum`ah
Superstition : pas de place en Islam.
For Allah’s sake, do not pronounce Talaaq
Autour du monde halaal
Vit en ce monde comme un voyageur
Quelques conseils halaal
Les jeunes du mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
Le mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
L`issue de la gelatine
The leather and gelatin industries
Sir A.R.Mohamed: My community first and foremost!
The victory of islamic democracy
Eid ul Adhaa Mubarak !
The ten sacred days of Zil Hijjah
The blessings of our small island
Nations united in a crussade
A religious, legal and medical analysis of the sexual offences bill.
Abortion is a cruel act
Some Reasons to believe
The calculation of centuries as deciphered from the Qur’an
The gifts of Mi`raj
The direction of Qiblah: The Kabah
The beauty and splendour of Islam
The Citadel of Masnoon Du’as
Islam does not encourage wastage
The sharing out of inheritance according to Islam
The dog in perspective
The ultimate quest for Lailat-ul-Qadr 1437
Interfaith Cohesion
The Beverages of Prophet Muhammad (saw)
The symbol of the Hijri calender
The components of love and those of hate
The pollution of insubordination
The purpose of life
Islam favors capital punishment
The mirage of games of chance
Disclaimer Notice
Islamic rites at birth
The importance of Jum'ah
Qurbani overseas
The fields of activity of man and woman
The rites of Qurbani
The Month of Shawwal and Hazrat Aisha (ra)
Making Mauritius a halal country
Visit to Madinah Munawwarah
Islam, woman and make-up
Religion and Development
Salaah at its prescribed times
Concerning the Solar Water Heater
An-Nikkah, the Muslim Marriage Contract
Importance of being a believer
The inheritance scenario
The Fasting of Ramadhaan
Amateurism v/s Professionalism
Article on halal nutrition
The Harmful Effects Of Food Of Doubtful Origin
Democracy between veiled and non-veiled women
Masnoon Duas
Women Section
The month of Shabaan and getting ready for the month of Ramadhaan
Conjugal Harmony
 
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