The sun, the moon and the calenders
Allah Ta'ala has created the sun, the moon, the stars, the sky, the earth, the trees, in short, everything including man. In order to express this great love for this favourite creation, man, Allah Ta'ala has, by this blessing, subjected all other creatures to the service of man. In fact, the beauty and the exactness of the creation are marvels which Allah Ta'ala has placed at our disposal in order to allow us to contemplate the Sublime Creator that He is. The harmony, the coherence and the equilibrium displayed by all elements in the heavens and on earth prove the fact that there is only one Creator, the Unique God. "Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding, who remember Allah standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth (saying) : " Our Lord ! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! Grant us Salutation from the torment of the Fire". (Surah 3 verses 190-1). "And from among this Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon" (Surah 41 verse 37).

In fact, the alternations of day and night, and the sun and the moon have always filled people with wonder. Inspite of modern technology, these marvels hold within themselves indecipherable riddles. Allah Ta'ala has made every single day unique, different from any other day, so that today is distinct and different from yesterday. "Every day, he has a new matter to bring forth." ( Surah 55 verse 29).Thus, the sun rises and sets at different points day by day : " So I swear by the Lord of all points of sunrise and sunset in the East and the West " (Surah 70 verse 40). Due to the angle at which Allah Ta'ala makes the earth revolve, the day lengthens gradually during summer whereas winter provides us with longer nights." He merges the night into the day, and He merges the day into the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon, each runs its course for a term appointed. " (Surah 35 verse 13).

Our sky is predominated by the sun and the moon. Both have multiple functions. Allah Ta'ala has stated: "It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light, and measured out its stages, so that you might know the number of years and the reckoning." (Surah 10 verse 5). Therefore, both the lunar and the solar year have been conceived by Allah Ta'ala to enable us to compute months and years. The moon's cycle produces a month of 29 or 30 days. "They ask you about the new moons. Say: They are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage." (Surah 2 verse 189).

While the sun determines the duration of the day and, by its position in space, gives us the time of day, the week is determined by seven solar days. The lunar year is made up of twelve months. On the other hand, the solar year is determined by the earth's revolution around the sun. This comes to about - although there is a slight variation - 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds.

As a result, it becomes necessary every fourth year to adjust the solar calendar, which has 365 days, by one additional day. However, this calculation is not exact since it does not reflect the fact of the earth's orbit around the sun, where the earth is affected by the moon's revolution around it which causes a slight variation. However, there is in fact an exact computation of the solar calendars. Allah knows it and states: "The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated." (Surah 55 verse 5)

The lunar year is therefore more exact and easier to calculate and does not necessitate any adjustment. According to a verse of the Koran, three solar centuries are equivalent to three hundred and nine lunar years (Jalalain). Although the lunar year is shorter than the solar year, a lunar day is longer than a solar day: that is, 24 hours, 50 minutes and 28 seconds. Allah Ta'ala has established the solar year for the change in seasons and in temperature in the course of the year. That is why both seeding and harvesting are ideally carried out during the solar calendar. Migratory birds observe seasonal changes for their migration. On the other hand, the moon exerts its influence over sea tides.

If you have lost your bearings, the stars can help you find them : "and landmarks, and by the stars they (mankind) guide themselves" (Surah 16 verse 16).The Koran is very explicit about the fact that the earth rotates and follows its orbit "And they all float, each in an orbit" (Surah 36 verse 40). "He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to go in the day and he makes the day to go in the night." (Surah 39 verse 5). The word KAWR means to wind the IMAMAH round the head which is normally done in an anti-clockwise direction. The earth's rotation is also anti-clockwise. The following verse indicates that the earth is constantly rotating: "He covers the night with the day, seeking it rapidly ". (Surah 7 verse 54).

Science has established the fact that the gravitational pull maintains the moon around the earth and the earth around the sun. But up to now nobody has been able to explain the conference with which the planets revolve in empty space with a perfect equilibrium, without the moon falling on our head and without the earth plunging into the sun. Nobody can explain why the earth changes the angle of its axis with such precision every year. The Koran has an answer to this riddle when it explains that phenomenon by stating that it is Allah's command which maintains that equilibrium: "The sun, the moon and the stars (are) subjected to this command." (Surah 30 verse 25).

The sun, the moon and the earth are marvels which move under Allah's command within their respective orbits in order to indicate the time to us. Time is very important for believers since most of the religious duties are related to time: swalaat (prayer), fasting, zakaat (poor-due) and Hajj (pilgrimage). Allah Ta'ala has decreed "Verily, the prayer is enjoined on believers at fixed times" (Surah 4 verse 103). "So whoever of you sights the moon (of Ramadaan) must fast that month" (Surah 2 verse 185). Hence, the sun and the moon are tools that provide us with the times required for discharging the duties laid down by the Shariah. We acknowledge Allah's absolute power by the exactness and greatness of His creation: "And among this signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth" (Surah 30 verse 22).
 
In view of His love and concern for man, Allah Ta'ala has subjected the earth so that time can be divided into day and night and, in addition, has placed, for our exclusive use, a marvellous moon. It devolves upon us to be grateful and to obey all Allah's commandments, to bow down in humility, for even the sun and the moon bow down before Allah Ta'ala: "Glory to Allah, Lord of the Universe". (Surah 7 verse 54).
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
Other Articles:
Hajj Guide 2016
The Sunnah Diet.
The Moon And The Beloved Prophet Muhammad(Swalallahou 'Alaihi Wasallam)
Masnoon Duas Of Ramadhaan.
Permissiblity of sharing Qur-aan Juzs on whatsapp group-2019/1440.
Isaale Sawaab do reach the deceased muslim.
Around Taraweeh: 8 Or 20?
Have you stocked for this Ramadhaan?
Democracy or Modern Colonialism?
The moderate ummah-part 6.
The foot steps of Prophets around Mi;raj,
Those who dared And Those who cared.
The cause of downfall.
The moderate ummah:Give priority to Humans.Part 8
Mind Your Language!
Aaram se raho. Gunah se bacho.
The permissibility of distributing part of Qur-aan or any hizb amongst voluntaries or whatsapp group,provided read individually.
The moderate ummah-part 5.
The moderate ummah-part 4.
The moderate ummah-part 3
The moderate ummah-part 2
The moderate ummah-part 1.
*Main Personalities that matters, Not place.*
Terrorism against muslims.
*Permissibility of reading Qur-aan in graveyards/qabrastaan*
*Muslims cannot celebrate St Valentine*
The moderate ummah:Priority to Humans.Part 7.
Fi Sabilillah encompasses going in jamaat also.
The Tawakkul Accompanied With Precautions.
*Jamaal-Beauty*
The Fiqh of Muslim Naming.
The gravity of one single crime.
Rampant pitiless crimes.
The Evolution of Man and Woman.
*The permissibility of stunning before zabah.
Painful demise of imaam hafiz Anwar Mohammad khatib r.a
Shellac E 904 is halaal safe.
A day more to perfect my Imaan.
Did you dream anything last night?
On returning from Mina, important sunnah to stop for a while in Abtah(Muhassab)
Around the month of Muharram.
*Grateful actions to thank on bounties of Allah Ta'ala.
*The halaal Research Committee*
*Duas Around The Departure And Arrivals Of Hajis*
*The Ultimate Treasure- Laylatul Qadr-27th*
The Sunnah Of Neutral Approach.
The Maslas Around Suicide.
The Respect Of The Masjid.
*Historic Initiative Against Riba-Interest*
The minimum dose of Qur-aan Hizb.
Should a traveller fast on 31st fast?
*Sadaqatul Fitr Best Given With Money Equivalence*
*The Danger Of Astronomical Calendar Distortion.*
The danger of astronomical calendar distortion.
When to fast for Arafah?
Amidst the symbols of Allah Taa'la
Days and Nights of the beloved prophet sawlallahou alaihi wasallam.
The equilibrial sense of I'tikaaf
The Ultimate Quest For Lailatul Qadr 1438.
The virtues of going in the path of Allah over ibaadahs.
*The Ultimate Aims Of Ramadhaan*
*Comparison Between I'tikaaf/Jamaat.*
Kindness In Business Dealings.
*Have You Vested In Sadaqah-Surance Today?
Miscellaneous Maslas Of Ramadhan.
*Clear Proofs Why Our Children Should Fast*
A few steps with Hazrat Mufti Afzal Hossen ilyas R.A.
*The Complete Tableau Of Sunnah*
The Fine Tuning Taraweeh And Witr.
Salaat-ul-Witr.
Nobleness
What is meant by zakaat?
What is meant by fasting?
Importance Of Taraweeh During Ramadhan.
QAZA Of Salaah And Roza:
The Gifts Of Mi'raaj(Part 1)
The Distinctive Priorties Of Ramadhan: Fasting,Zakaat,Salaah,And Quraan.
Recommended To Pray Fajr Jamaat Earlier During Ramadhan.
Zakaat On Shares Of A Company.
*Around The 15th Shabaan*
Precaution Of Exactness Of New Moon Of Sha'baan For The Sake Of Ramadhaan.
An expression of deep concern about the change in the moon sighting pattern in Saudia Arabia.
The Betrayal Masquarade Of The West.
The Gift Of Mi'raaj(Part 2)
The Sunnah Of Visiting Palestine And Gifts Of Mi'raj Unpacked.
The CopyRight Haq.
The Answer To Islamophobia Is The Gentle Sunnah.
Jamaat Structural Reform Proposal.
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The Havocking Results Of Under-Valuing Potentials.
Some Words Of Bhai Abdul Wahab Saheb Damat Barakatuhu.
The Sunnah Of Leaving The Family To Benefit Deen.
ISLAM: The Peaceful Religion.
The Saviour Means Of The Ummah.
Know That The Masjid Is For Allah Only.
The Neutral Approach.
Protection Contre L'Eclair(La Foudre) Et L'Orage(Le Tonnerre)
The Feet Posture Of Men In Salaah.
Interreligious Exchange And Approaching.
Are You Travelling First Class Today?
Neither Rome Nor The Ganges,Makkah Is Best(2nd part)
From Either Wing, Respect is Important.
Neither Rome Nor The Ganges,Makkah Is Best(1st part)
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Infallible Protection Formulas
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Established Protocols
Istighfaar And Sadaqahs As punishment Of Allah Gazes us.
Your Actions Weight For The Ummah Please
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The Month Of Safar And The Denial Of Bad Omens.
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The rites of qurbani
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Help to those who have been affected by the flood in India
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Farsighted Principles.
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What is the Islamic verdict of consuming intestines of halaal animals?
Flaw around foreign qurbani
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Sadaqah hajj 1439- 10 riyals.The struggle of a hajj!
Duas around the departure and arrival of Hajis
The sacred month of Rajab announce the coming of Ramadhan
Recommendations of the day of Jum'ah
Can we fast on the 15th of Shabaan only?
Intolerance Is Splitting Us.
Precaution of exactness of new moon
Demise Of Ml Abdullah kapodra.
A few travelling tips
Salaatul Ishraaq
Masnoon duas after farz salah
Muslims cannot celebrate St Valentine
A bitter sign of Qiyamah: Imran Hosein
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Ikhtilaat and mixing on the day of jumu'ah.
Astaghfirullah 3 times after Farz Salaahs rather than Allahou Akbar
3 Talaaqs count as 3 talaaqs .
The Sunnahs around the day of ASHOURA(10th of Muharram)1440
Talaaq counts even during menses.
The E 120 carmine colour.
The sunnahs around Eid-ul-Adhaa 1437.
You may help Palestine by your visit in MASJIDULLAH l AQSA
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Animal de sacrifice atteint de la maladie.
Can a muslim drink alcohol?
Loan
One sheep is not sufficient for qurbani ..
The first ten days of the month of Zil Hijjah
The eclipse salaah-May be Today
Amidst the symbols of Allah Ta'ala
The First Ten Days Of The Month Of Zil Hijjah.
Sadaqah hajj 1437-7 riyals.The struggle of a hajj.
The maslas around the departures of hajees
Prior to hajj preparations.
The importance of visiting the Prophet swalallahou `alaihi wasallam
Steps of the Mubarak path road of Hajj
Zul Qa'dah: Entering the sacred months span
The fruitful Maslas of Hajj 1439
HALAAL FOOD AND ZIYARATS INFO UPDATED HAJJ 1439
Even hujjaaj should beware of E120 or carmine
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Are you sure that hajj is not farz on you?
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Have you milked the cow this morning?
The saviour means of this Ummah
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Travelling during Ramadhan
Miscelleneous maslas of Ramadhan 1437
The symbolic sunnah of dates
Women in menses cannot read Qur'an
What is the islamic verdict of consuming intestines of halaal animals?
Importance of fasting Ramadhan
The fiqh of Muslim naming
Conservative v/s Entrepreneurship.
Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh is proven by Ahadiths
The deffence of the Ummah
The salah and itikaaf of ladies
Please send Salaam for me to Rasoolullah (saw)
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An insight on 15th Sha`baan 1437
Importance of Madrassah
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Notes for Umrah and Hajj
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The moon and the beloved Prophet Muhammad (saw)
Traveller's diary
Allah: Le défenseur des faibles
The sacred month of Rajab
Reviving the sunnah of Hijamah (cupping)
Husne Khatimah - A graceful pious ending
Du'a lorsque la pluie tombe
Warning against those who leave jum'ah without valid excuse
L`ultime importance du Jum`ah
The why of the chaotic conditions of the Ummah
The great importance of Jum'ah salah (for men)
Et si la mer était d`encre..
L`aimable Bye Golah
The halal moderation
The answer to islamophobia is the gentle sunnah
The importance of Hijri calendar
A call to go in the path of Allah as the earth squeezes
No blame on Hajj authorities
La paix de l`Islam
A call for concern and unity of the Ummah
Fasting on 9th Zil Hijjah
The sunnahs around Eid ul Adhaa 1439
Each country follows its sun and moon please.
The adaab of visiting the beloved Prophet(saw)
The sunnahs around Eid-ul-Fitr 1437
The quest for Halal and Tayyib
L`issue de la transplantation d`organe
The Fiqh of jewelleries 1437
Les rites du Hajj et la visite a Madinah Munawarah
Notes for the host of Harams, Hajees & Mu'tamirs
THE HEIRS (inheritors)
The sharing out of inheritance according to Islam
Five things given to our Ummah
O my Nabi (saw), I am not charlie
Conseils aux Hajees et non Hajees
Les barakahs d`avoir beaucoup d`enfants
Du`as at tahajjud
The tsunami issue of mechanical slaughtering
BEWARE of E 120 or Carmine.
Le `Eid et l`après Eid
Salaahs of ladies are at home.
The Sunnah of 'Oud Wood
The Zakaat ul Fitr or Sadaqat ul Fitr Ramadhan 1439
The sunnah of dates
Knock! Knock! A beggar at the door!
The lunar dates issue
The moderation of asking and giving.
The best Ibaadahs during lailatul qadr
Cry! Let's cry in front of our Rabb!
Victoire avec noblesse
Clear proofs why our children should fast..
Make the change this Ramadhan
All on 15th Sha`baan
Conseils d`avant Ramadhaan.
Importance of Taraweeh during Ramadhaan
Fasting for adults
Set a hizb time today
Les signes du Jugement selon le Coran
L’interdiction des jeux de hasard.
L`utilisation du bois de Oud selon le sunnah.
L`Istighfaar pour sauver le monde!
La gravité du suicide.
En honneur du saint prophète Muhammad(SAW)
La malédiction de l`homosexualité.
La prescription pour la conjonctivite
L`unité dans la diversité.
The necessity of a reply
La liberté d`expression n`est pas pour faire des insultes.
La nécessité d`un Umrah.
Avance ta main de la barbe du prophète SAW!
Tie the ihram of your Umrah in Masjid ul Aqsa (in Jerusalem)
Utilisation optimum des ressources mondiales
La protection contre la croisade du siècle
L`Islam n`est pas intolérant
Mosques: their importance & the respect due to them
Le Qurbani : un symbole de l`Islam
Les préparatifs du Hajj
Les rites du Hajj 1437
Conseils d`avant le mois du Ramadhaan
La sacrée `Eid-ul-Fitr.
L`émmigration des palestiniens
Défendons-nous par les actions
Le dattier et la datte
La préparation du mois de Ramadhaan
La protection contre la sorcellerie
Les poisons de l`amour
Le dosage d`amour dans le couple
Le respect de la Ka`bah.
L`amour entre couple.
L`Islam et la chasteté
Le prophète Muhammad (saw): Une bénédiction pour l`univers
L`Intimité entre couple
Les compagnons du prophète SAW
Les droits des enfants et de la famille
Mandela, an Islamophile
L`année du Coran et non pas de Gregor
Les potentiels humains
L`Islam : la religion de la démocratie
La croyance dans le destin
Vacances saines pour nos jeunes.
When in doubt, don't !
The spiritual nature of Ziyarat
The flower of friendship
Le physique du prophète Muhammad (SAW).
Consolation aux victimes d`Islamophobie.
Eviter le bain de sang
L`arrosoir des bons conseils
Ramadan: Le mois du Coran
La clarté de la lune.
La modération du Sunnah.
Le couleur d`Allah Ta`ala
Les prudences et les remèdes du Coran et du Sunnah
Umrah 2016
Les résultats inondés de l`insoumission
Les rites funéraires d`un musulman.
Les rites islamiques lors d'une naissance
Les conditions du tirage au sort selon la shariat
L`homme le plus affluant de l`humanité
Comment distribuer mon heritage d'apres Islam
La corrélation du jour, de la nuit et des calendriers.
Les signes du jour du jugement.
L'azaan: Symbole integrant de l'Islam
La recette du bonheur selon l'Islam
Les sacrifices honorés
L`esprit du Hajj et la visite a Madinah
Les pas de Hazrat Bilal (ra)
Enfin est arrivé Ramadan
L’Islam intégrant ou conservateur ?
L’avortement de par la loi d’exception
Les réalités des rêves
Les règles de la menstruation.
L’incontournable justice divine
Let's fast on Mondays for Yaum un Nabi (saw)
The inheritance scenario (part 2)
La médecine du prophet Muhammad (pssl)
Les jolis noms musulmans.
Les préférés du prophète Muhammad (pssl)
The status of tahiyyatul masjid
Les maux des jeunes et leurs remedes islamiques
Les Solstices des calendriers
Superstition : pas de place en Islam.
L`importance de la priere du Vendredi : Le Jum`ah
Quelques conseils halaal
Autour du monde halaal
Vit en ce monde comme un voyageur
For Allah’s sake, do not pronounce Talaaq
Sir A.R.Mohamed: My community first and foremost!
The leather and gelatin industries
L`issue de la gelatine
Les jeunes du mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
Le mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
Eid ul Adhaa Mubarak !
The blessings of our small island
The victory of islamic democracy
The ten sacred days of Zil Hijjah
Nations united in a crussade
Some Reasons to believe
The calculation of centuries as deciphered from the Qur’an
The gifts of Mi`raj
A religious, legal and medical analysis of the sexual offences bill.
Abortion is a cruel act
The direction of Qiblah: The Kabah
The beauty and splendour of Islam
The Citadel of Masnoon Du’as
The sharing out of inheritance according to Islam
Islam does not encourage wastage
The symbol of the Hijri calender
The dog in perspective
Interfaith Cohesion
The Beverages of Prophet Muhammad (saw)
The ultimate quest for Lailat-ul-Qadr 1437
The pollution of insubordination
The purpose of life
Islam favors capital punishment
The mirage of games of chance
The components of love and those of hate
Islamic rites at birth
Disclaimer Notice
The fields of activity of man and woman
Qurbani overseas
The importance of Jum'ah
Visit to Madinah Munawwarah
The rites of Qurbani
Making Mauritius a halal country
Islam, woman and make-up
The Month of Shawwal and Hazrat Aisha (ra)
Concerning the Solar Water Heater
Religion and Development
An-Nikkah, the Muslim Marriage Contract
Salaah at its prescribed times
Importance of being a believer
The Harmful Effects Of Food Of Doubtful Origin
Article on halal nutrition
Amateurism v/s Professionalism
The Fasting of Ramadhaan
The inheritance scenario
Democracy between veiled and non-veiled women
Masnoon Duas
Conjugal Harmony
Women Section
The month of Shabaan and getting ready for the month of Ramadhaan
 
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