The calculation of centuries as deciphered from the Qur’an
Allah Ta’ala has created the sun, the moon, the stars, the sky, the earth, the trees, in short, everything including man. To express His great love for His favourite creature Man, Allah Ta’ala has, by His mercy, subjugated His other creatures to the service of man. In fact, the beauty and exactness of His creation are wonders which Allah Ta’ala has displayed for us to contemplate the work of the Sublime Creator that He is. The harmony, the coherence and the equilibrium displayed by elements in the heavens and on earth bear testimony to the existence of a Unique Creator, the One and Only God.

“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and in the alternation of night and day, there are signs for men of understanding.”

“Those who remember Allah standing, sitting and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth (saying): Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose. Glory to You! Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.” (3: 190-191)

“And from among His signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon.” (41: 37). Indeed, the alternation of day and night, the movement of the sun and the moon create a wonder in many a mind. In spite of modern technology, these marvels contain within themselves some indecipherable enigmas. Allah Ta’ala has made of every day an original creation, different from any other; so that today is distinctly different from yesterday. “Every day He has a (new) matter to bring forth.” (55: 29). Thus, the sun rises and sets at different points from day to day. “ So I swear by the Lord of all points of sunrise and sunset…” (70: 40)

In view of the angle at which Allah Ta’ala causes the earth to revolve, the day lengthens gradually during summer whereas winter provides us with longer nights. “He merges the night into the day, and He merges the day into the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon, each runs its course for a term appointed.” (35: 13)

The sun and the moon hold sway in our sky. Both have multiple functions. Allah Ta’ala has conceived them for diverse ends. Allah Ta’ala has stated: “It is He who made the sun a shining glory and the moon as a light, and He has measured out (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the reckoning (of time).” (10: 5). Hence, the solar year and the lunar year have both been conceived by Allah Ta’ala in order to enable us to calculate the number of months and years. The cycle of the moon produces a month of 29 or 30 days. “They ask you (O Prophet! (saw)) about the new moons. Say: They are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind, and for the pilgrimage.” (2: 189). Whereas the sun determines the day and, by virtue of its position in space, indicates the time of day. The week is made up of seven solar days. The lunar year is made up of twelve lunar months. On the other hand, the solar year is determined by the earth’s revolution around the sun; which gives a total of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds. There is, however, a slight variation which requires that, at the end of every four years, one day has to be added to the solar calenders, which has a basis of 365 days. However, this calculation does not reflect exactly the earth’s orbit around the sun, since planet earth is subjected to a variation caused by the moon’s revolution around it. However, there is well and truly an exact reckoning for the solar calendar. Allah Ta’ala knows it and has stated: “The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated.” (55: 5)

In consequence, the lunar year is more exact, simpler to calculate and necessitates no adjustment. According to a verse of the Qur’an, three centuries of solar year are equal to three centuries and nine lunar years (Jalaalain). Although the lunar year is shorter than the solar year, one lunar day is, however, longer than one solar day; that is, 24 hours, 50 minutes and 28 seconds. Allah Ta’ala has conceived the solar year in order to allow for seasonal and temperature changes during the year. Thus, sowing and harvesting are ideally carried out in accordance with the solar calendar. Migratory birds plan their migration by observing the alternation of seasons. On the other hand, the moon exerts its influence over the tides of the sea.

The stars can serve as guides for those who have lost their bearings (during travel): “And landmarks and by the stars, they (mankind) guide themselves.” (16: 16)

The sun’s and the moon’s orbits according to the Qur’an

The Qur’an is explicit about the fact that the earth revolves and follows its orbit. “They all float, each in an orbit.” (36: 40). “He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night overlap the day and makes the day overlap the night. The word KAWR means to wrap the imamah around the head, which is usually done in an anti-clockwise direction. The earth also revolves in an anti-clockwise direction. The following verse indicates that the earth revolves incessantly: “He draweth the night as a veil over the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession.” (7: 54)

Contrary to the Christian Church, the Qur’an has not clashed with science. The unfortunate Galileo had to undergo unjust humiliation, although he was perfectly right about his findings. The church did condemn him to house arrest in 1632 for the rest of his life. Whereas Muslim scientists fortify their faith in Allah and in His Word when they read: “And each runs in its (own) orbit.” (36: 40). The sun has its orbit and the earth also has its own orbit. The geocentric theory is not valid, according to the Qur’an. And yet, thousands of Christian scientists have held on this theory for centuries!

Which gravitational force holds the galaxies?

Science has justified the fact that there is a gravitational force that keeps the moon around the earth and the earth around the sun. However, nobody has as yet been able to explain the Coherence whereby planets swim in empty space in perfect equilibrium, without causing the moon to fall on our heads, or the earth to plunge into the sun. Nobody can explain why the earth alters its angle of rotation with such precision every year. The Qur’an can provide an answer to this riddle by explaining this phenomena by the fact that it is the will of Allah Ta’ala that maintains this equilibrium. “The sun, the moon and the stars (are) subjected to His command.”(7: 54). “And among His signs is that the heaven and the earth stand by His Command.” (30: 25)

The sun, the moon and the earth are wonders which swim under Allah Ta’ala’s Command in their respective orbits simply to enable us to reckon time. Time is a very important factor for believers whose religious observances are for the most part related to time: prayer, fasting, the poor-due and the pilgrimage. Allah Ta’ala has stated: “Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours.” (4:103). “So, whoever of you is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting.” (2: 185). Hence, the sun and the moon are devices which indicate time to us to enable the performance of duties prescribed by the shariah. We recognize Allah Ta’ala’s absolute power through the qualities of exactness and grandeur He has endowed His Creation with: “And among His signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth.” (30: 22)

The stars and the horoscope

In his quest for discovery of what is overhead, man has always been fascinated by what he sees in the sky. The sun has been for him an invincible and burning force. The moon has been viewed as a sign of beauty, and the stars scattered in the sky have been considered as symbols of stability. In short, man’s imagination conjures up propositions and caricatures. Like the constellations mentioned in the horoscopes. False theories held in the minds of pseudo-philosophers. The prophet (saw) has stated: “Whoever says: we have had rain thanks to this or that star, has renounced the faith.” (Bukhari). Thus, horoscopes based on constellations (of stars) and on dates of birth are sources of loss of faith are totally contrary to Islam.

The reckoning of centuries

Regarding the calculation of a century, Allah Ta’ala has placed figures side by side by revealing to us this verse of the Qur’an: “And they stayed in their cave three hundred (solar) years, and add nine (for lunar years).” (18:25)

According to the Tafseer of Jalaalain, the verse narrates that the people of the cave slept during three solar centuries which are equivalent to three lunar centuries plus nine years of the lunar calendar. However, now, during these past decades, the computation of solar and lunar years has been done with great precision. You may wish to refer to recent statistics published by scientists. On the other hand, let us see what the above-quoted verse reveals:

300 solar years (300 X 365.2421 days) = 109, 572.63 days
309 lunar years (309 X 29.550329 days X 12 months) = 109, 572.62 days

Therefore, 300 solar years are equivalent to 309 lunar years, to the nearest hundredth of a second!

The Qur’an is a living miracle. Once more, we understand its splendor. One can read in it: “The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated.” (55: 5). “And from among His signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon.” (41: 37). “And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses, to be of service to you.” (14: 33). But the day’s verse maintains that the movements of the sun and the moon follow a definite course exactly calculated where no error is possible: “It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.” (36: 40). “Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all the ‘aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” (7: 54)

It is a pleasure to continue reading the Qur’an, even after Ramadhan. Let us convince ourselves of this truth so that others may also be convinced.
 
 
     
 
 
 
 
Other Articles:
Hajj Guide 2016
The danger of astronomical calendar distortion.
Each country follows its sun and moon please.
An expression of deep concern about the change in the moon sighting pattern in Saudia Arabia.
The First Ten Days Of The Month Of Zil Hijjah.
The Respect Of The Masjid.
Should a traveller fast on 31st fast?
The Maslas Around Suicide.
The lunar dates issue
Days and Nights of the beloved prophet sawlallahou alaihi wasallam.
*The Ultimate Treasure- Laylatul Qadr-27th*
The Zakaat ul Fitr or Sadaqat ul Fitr Ramadhan 1439
*Duas Around The Departure And Arrivals Of Hajis*
*The Ultimate Aims Of Ramadhaan*
The equilibrial sense of I'tikaaf
The Ultimate Quest For Lailatul Qadr 1438.
*Comparison Between I'tikaaf/Jamaat.*
The salah and itikaaf of ladies
The virtues of going in the path of Allah over ibaadahs.
Kindness In Business Dealings.
A few steps with Hazrat Mufti Afzal Hossen ilyas R.A.
*The Complete Tableau Of Sunnah*
*Clear Proofs Why Our Children Should Fast*
Miscellaneous Maslas Of Ramadhan.
The Fine Tuning Taraweeh And Witr.
The symbolic sunnah of dates
The Masnoon Dua Formula
*Have You Vested In Sadaqah-Surance Today?
What is meant by zakaat?
Nobleness
The Betrayal Masquarade Of The West.
What is meant by fasting?
*Historic Initiative Against Riba-Interest*
Importance Of Taraweeh During Ramadhan.
The Distinctive Priorties Of Ramadhan: Fasting,Zakaat,Salaah,And Quraan.
Zakaat On Shares Of A Company.
*Around The 15th Shabaan*
The Sunnah Of Visiting Palestine And Gifts Of Mi'raj Unpacked.
Recommended To Pray Fajr Jamaat Earlier During Ramadhan.
The Havocking Results Of Under-Valuing Potentials.
The Gifts Of Mi'raaj(Part 1)
From Either Wing, Respect is Important.
The Gift Of Mi'raaj(Part 2)
The CopyRight Haq.
The Answer To Islamophobia Is The Gentle Sunnah.
Jamaat Structural Reform Proposal.
The ''Mot D'ordre'' Of Today's Tabligh Is Tolerance.
The sacred month of Rajab announce the coming of Ramadhan
The Neutral Approach.
Intolerance Is Splitting Us.
The Saviour Means Of The Ummah.
Some Words Of Bhai Abdul Wahab Saheb Damat Barakatuhu.
Know That The Masjid Is For Allah Only.
The Sunnah Of Leaving The Family To Benefit Deen.
Protection Contre L'Eclair(La Foudre) Et L'Orage(Le Tonnerre)
The Feet Posture Of Men In Salaah.
Interreligious Exchange And Approaching.
Are You Travelling First Class Today?
Neither Rome Nor The Ganges,Makkah Is Best(2nd part)
Follow The Icon Of Reconciliation: Hazrat Hassan R.A
The Importance Of Dripping 2 Drops After A Wash
And That SUNNNAH To opt For Akhirah Over THe Rule Of Dunya?
Neither Rome Nor The Ganges,Makkah Is Best(1st part)
Which Team Are You Supporting?
A miqaat that pays
Infallible Protection Formulas
Istighfaar And Sadaqahs As punishment Of Allah Gazes us.
POSSIBLE MOON ECLIPSE THIS WEDNESDAY 31ST JANUARY 2018
SAJDAH SHUKR-Needs Qiblah And Wouzu
ISLAM: The Peaceful Religion.
Salaat-ul-Witr.
The Moon And The Beloved Prophet Muhammad(Swalallahou 'Alaihi Wasallam)
An Effort,A Pinnacle,A Purification And A Legacy
One of the last words of RASOULOULLAH SAW
Your Actions Weight For The Ummah Please
Monday:The Day Of The Prophet-YAUM UN NABI
The Month Of Safar And The Denial Of Bad Omens.
The Important Of Visiting The Masjidul Aqsa And Also The Sunnah Of Wearing Ihraam Of Umra From There.
For those celebrating eid ul adha Saturday, can fast friday alone.
Proof that Pardah and veil is a natural attire of muslim Women.
1439 hijri calendar starting soon.
Moses V/S Pharaoh
*Nights That Made Colourful Days*
The rites of qurbani
Farsighted Principles.
Fasting of arafah is the 9th zul hijjah in your country, not the day hajis are in arafah.
10 days of Zul Hijjah, virtuous yes, but not above Ramadhaan.
Help to those who have been affected by the flood in India
Precaution Of Exactness Of New Moon Of Sha'baan For The Sake Of Ramadhaan.
Flaw around foreign qurbani
What is the Islamic verdict of consuming intestines of halaal animals?
Neither rodeo nor extreme protectionism, islam best.
*Is it permissible to purchase a share of the Qurbani for a deceased relative?
Visiting a sick who is dying
On returning from Mina, important sunnah to stop for a while in Abtah(Muhassab).
Please send salaam for me to Rasouloullah(saw)
Age required for the slaughtering animal
Extract of Sharhe Ma'aniyul Athaar,
Miscellaneous hajj maslas
Sadaqah hajj 1439- 10 riyals.The struggle of a hajj!
Jum'ah second azaan should be given in front of mimbar
Duas around the departure and arrival of Hajis
Traveller's diary-Pg 6 Ladies&Gents maslas
Precaution of exactness of new moon
Can we fast on the 15th of Shabaan only?
Recommendations of the day of Jum'ah
Demise Of Ml Abdullah kapodra.
A bitter sign of Qiyamah: Imran Hosein
A few travelling tips
Masnoon duas after farz salah
Salaatul Ishraaq
Muslims cannot celebrate St Valentine
3 Talaaqs count as 3 talaaqs .
Ikhtilaat and mixing on the day of jumu'ah.
Astaghfirullah 3 times after Farz Salaahs rather than Allahou Akbar
There is no zakaat on a non baligh child.
The sunnahs around Eid-ul-Adhaa 1437.
Talaaq counts even during menses.
You may help Palestine by your visit in MASJIDULLAH l AQSA
The E 120 carmine colour.
The Sunnahs around the day of ASHOURA(10th of Muharram)1439.
Hajj cards
Loan
Can a muslim drink alcohol?
Animal de sacrifice atteint de la maladie.
One sheep is not sufficient for qurbani ..
Amidst the symbols of Allah Ta'ala
The first ten days of the month of Zil Hijjah
The eclipse salaah-May be Today
The maslas around the departures of hajees
The importance of visiting the Prophet swalallahou `alaihi wasallam
Prior to hajj preparations.
Sadaqah hajj 1437-7 riyals.The struggle of a hajj.
Even hujjaaj should beware of E120 or carmine
HALAAL FOOD AND ZIYARATS INFO UPDATED HAJJ 1439
The fruitful Maslas of Hajj 1439
Steps of the Mubarak path road of Hajj
Established Protocols
Zul Qa'dah: Entering the sacred months span
Who is Fetullah Gulen?
L'hiver: Le printemps du Musulman
Are you sure that hajj is not farz on you?
Wearing Ihraam at Masjid Aqsa - Jerusalem
Le Hajj en perspective
Let us surf on the wave of Ramadhan to continue reading daily salaahs
The saviour means of this Ummah
Have you milked the cow this morning?
The Sunnah Settings
The major signs before the day of Qiyamah
Travelling during Ramadhan
The crying is important in the ingredients!
QAZA Of Salaah And Roza:
The virtues of going in the path of Allah
The Importance of a daily Hizb
Conservative v/s Entrepreneurship.
The fiqh of Muslim naming
Importance of fasting Ramadhan
Miscelleneous maslas of Ramadhan 1437
Women in menses cannot read Qur'an
The Qur'an and Sunnah are sufficient for us
The deffence of the Ummah
Salaat-ut-Tasbeeh is proven by Ahadiths
Please send Salaam for me to Rasoolullah (saw)
Le sunnah de visiter la Palestine
Notes for Umrah and Hajj
Sha'baan: the annual closing of our action accounts
Importance of Madrassah
An insight on 15th Sha`baan 1437
*If Eid ul Fitr happens to be a friday,then there is definitely Jum'ah also*
Allah: Le défenseur des faibles
Traveller's diary
The sacred month of Rajab
The moon and the beloved Prophet Muhammad (saw)
Du'a lorsque la pluie tombe
Warning against those who leave jum'ah without valid excuse
L`ultime importance du Jum`ah
Husne Khatimah - A graceful pious ending
Reviving the sunnah of Hijamah (cupping)
The great importance of Jum'ah salah (for men)
L`aimable Bye Golah
The halal moderation
Et si la mer était d`encre..
The why of the chaotic conditions of the Ummah
No blame on Hajj authorities
The answer to islamophobia is the gentle sunnah
The sunnahs around the day of Ashoura (10th of Muharram)
The importance of Hijri calendar
A call to go in the path of Allah as the earth squeezes
Fasting on 9th Zil Hijjah
The sunnahs around Eid ul Adhaa 1437
A call for concern and unity of the Ummah
La paix de l`Islam
The Fiqh of jewelleries 1437
The adaab of visiting the beloved Prophet(saw)
L`issue de la transplantation d`organe
Les rites du Hajj et la visite a Madinah Munawarah
The quest for Halal and Tayyib
The sunnahs around Eid-ul-Fitr 1437
The sharing out of inheritance according to Islam
Five things given to our Ummah
THE HEIRS (inheritors)
Notes for the host of Harams, Hajees & Mu'tamirs
O my Nabi (saw), I am not charlie
The tsunami issue of mechanical slaughtering
Conseils aux Hajees et non Hajees
Les barakahs d`avoir beaucoup d`enfants
E 120 or Carmine
Du`as at tahajjud
Le `Eid et l`après Eid
Salaahs of ladies are at home.
The Sunnah of 'Oud Wood
The moderation of asking and giving.
The sunnah of dates
Knock! Knock! A beggar at the door!
The best Ibaadahs during lailatul qadr
Victoire avec noblesse
SALAAT-UL-WITR
Cry! Let's cry in front of our Rabb!
*The Danger Of Astronomical Calendar Distortion.*
Make the change this Ramadhan
Fasting for adults
Set a hizb time today
Importance of Taraweeh during Ramadhaan
Conseils d`avant Ramadhaan.
All on 15th Sha`baan
La gravité du suicide.
Les signes du Jugement selon le Coran
L’interdiction des jeux de hasard.
L`utilisation du bois de Oud selon le sunnah.
L`Istighfaar pour sauver le monde!
La malédiction de l`homosexualité.
The necessity of a reply
L`unité dans la diversité.
La prescription pour la conjonctivite
En honneur du saint prophète Muhammad(SAW)
Utilisation optimum des ressources mondiales
La liberté d`expression n`est pas pour faire des insultes.
Avance ta main de la barbe du prophète SAW!
Tie the ihram of your Umrah in Masjid ul Aqsa (in Jerusalem)
La nécessité d`un Umrah.
L`Islam n`est pas intolérant
La protection contre la croisade du siècle
Les préparatifs du Hajj
Les rites du Hajj 1437
Mosques: their importance & the respect due to them
Le Qurbani : un symbole de l`Islam
L`émmigration des palestiniens
Conseils d`avant le mois du Ramadhaan
La sacrée `Eid-ul-Fitr.
Le dattier et la datte
Défendons-nous par les actions
Le respect de la Ka`bah.
La préparation du mois de Ramadhaan
La protection contre la sorcellerie
Les poisons de l`amour
Le dosage d`amour dans le couple
L`amour entre couple.
Le prophète Muhammad (saw): Une bénédiction pour l`univers
Les compagnons du prophète SAW
L`Islam et la chasteté
L`Intimité entre couple
L`année du Coran et non pas de Gregor
Les droits des enfants et de la famille
Mandela, an Islamophile
Les potentiels humains
L`Islam : la religion de la démocratie
The spiritual nature of Ziyarat
The flower of friendship
When in doubt, don't !
Vacances saines pour nos jeunes.
La croyance dans le destin
Le physique du prophète Muhammad (SAW).
L`arrosoir des bons conseils
Consolation aux victimes d`Islamophobie.
Eviter le bain de sang
La clarté de la lune.
Les prudences et les remèdes du Coran et du Sunnah
La modération du Sunnah.
Ramadan: Le mois du Coran
Le couleur d`Allah Ta`ala
Les conditions du tirage au sort selon la shariat
Les rites islamiques lors d'une naissance
Les rites funéraires d`un musulman.
Les résultats inondés de l`insoumission
Umrah 2016
La corrélation du jour, de la nuit et des calendriers.
Comment distribuer mon heritage d'apres Islam
L`homme le plus affluant de l`humanité
L'azaan: Symbole integrant de l'Islam
Les signes du jour du jugement.
La recette du bonheur selon l'Islam
L`esprit du Hajj et la visite a Madinah
Les sacrifices honorés
Enfin est arrivé Ramadan
Les pas de Hazrat Bilal (ra)
L’avortement de par la loi d’exception
L’Islam intégrant ou conservateur ?
Les réalités des rêves
Les règles de la menstruation.
L’incontournable justice divine
The inheritance scenario (part 2)
La médecine du prophet Muhammad (pssl)
Les jolis noms musulmans.
Les préférés du prophète Muhammad (pssl)
Let's fast on Mondays for Yaum un Nabi (saw)
Les maux des jeunes et leurs remedes islamiques
L`importance de la priere du Vendredi : Le Jum`ah
Superstition : pas de place en Islam.
The status of tahiyyatul masjid
Les Solstices des calendriers
The sun, the moon and the calenders
Quelques conseils halaal
Vit en ce monde comme un voyageur
Autour du monde halaal
For Allah’s sake, do not pronounce Talaaq
Les jeunes du mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
Le mois sacré d`Allah Ta`ala: Muharram
L`issue de la gelatine
The leather and gelatin industries
Sir A.R.Mohamed: My community first and foremost!
The ten sacred days of Zil Hijjah
Nations united in a crussade
The victory of islamic democracy
The blessings of our small island
Eid ul Adhaa Mubarak !
The gifts of Mi`raj
A religious, legal and medical analysis of the sexual offences bill.
Some Reasons to believe
Abortion is a cruel act
The direction of Qiblah: The Kabah
The Citadel of Masnoon Du’as
Islam does not encourage wastage
The sharing out of inheritance according to Islam
The beauty and splendour of Islam
The Beverages of Prophet Muhammad (saw)
Interfaith Cohesion
The symbol of the Hijri calender
The dog in perspective
The ultimate quest for Lailat-ul-Qadr 1437
The components of love and those of hate
Islam favors capital punishment
The pollution of insubordination
The mirage of games of chance
The purpose of life
Qurbani overseas
The fields of activity of man and woman
The importance of Jum'ah
Islamic rites at birth
Disclaimer Notice
Islam, woman and make-up
The Month of Shawwal and Hazrat Aisha (ra)
Making Mauritius a halal country
Visit to Madinah Munawwarah
*Sadaqatul Fitr Best Given With Money Equivalence*
The rites of Qurbani
Religion and Development
Concerning the Solar Water Heater
An-Nikkah, the Muslim Marriage Contract
Importance of being a believer
Salaah at its prescribed times
The inheritance scenario
The Fasting of Ramadhaan
Amateurism v/s Professionalism
Article on halal nutrition
The Harmful Effects Of Food Of Doubtful Origin
Masnoon Duas
Democracy between veiled and non-veiled women
Women Section
The month of Shabaan and getting ready for the month of Ramadhaan
Conjugal Harmony
 
  Website Designed by HDM Interactive Ltd.